Spanish Wine Terms - Cariñena

¿Como se dice?

A Pronunciation Guide to All Things Cariñena

Reading a wine label can sometimes be a challenge—especially if it’s written in a language that’s not native to you. Accurate pronunciation can be even more daunting. That’s why we’ve created this Cariñena guide to our region. Here you will find the names of regional varietals and styles; winemaking and food terms; locations; and general tasting descriptors. This pre-recorded pronunciation guide will provide everything you need to feel comfortable using and speaking this glossary on day-to-day basis. We’ll continue to update it regularly, and if you have any requests of words you would like us to add, email sean@gregoryvine.com.

Pronunciación + Vocabulary

Brotación

Brotación or “sprouting” is the when the vines begin showing new growth and sprouting. This typically happens in springtime and depends on weather, soil, and sunlight.

Cariñena

Cariñena refers to our region, a grape (known as carignan in other regions), as well as a Denominación de Origen Protegida.

 

Cosecha

Cosecha refers to the year the wine was made; the vintage or harvest, also referred to as vendimia.

 

Crianza

Crianza is a style of wine in which the juice has spent one year in oak barrels.

 

El vino de las piedras

El vino de las piedras otherwise known as “the vines of the stones” refers to the stony soils of the region which imbue it’s wines with a unique terroir.

 

Embotellado

“Embotellado” or bottling takes place after fermentation and, in the case of some red wines, cask aging is complete. Garnacha can be bottled fresh without any cask aging, or after several years of aging in oak. As a result, time when bottling takes place in Cariñena varies greatly, depending on the winemaker and style of wine he wishes to achieve.

Fermentación

Fermentación or fermentation is the process of converting pressed grapes into wine – happens in the early winter months in Cariñena and is typically conducted in barrels or steel tanks.

 

Garnacha

Garnacha or Grenache wines are common throughout D.O.P. Cariñena. Old, bush-trained Garnacha vines abound here, some more than 100 years old. Cariñena’s production area is also widely considered to be the grape’s origin.

 

Gran Reserva

Gran Reserva is a style of wine where the wine has been aged for two years in oak and three years in the bottle.

 

Joven

Joven or young is a style of wine which are never aged in oak and are meant for drinking young with no need for ageing in the bottle.

 

Maceración

Maceration is an early stage of the vinification process that extracts aromas, tannins and color. The process involves the grape must (skin and seeds) sitting together for an extended period of time, usually 1-4 weeks prior to fermentation.

Maduración

Maduración or “maturation” depends on the winemaking process but, in general, it refers to the way in which the winemaker has chosen to let the wines mature through the aging process of their choice

Reserva

Reserva is a style of wine in which the wine has been aged for two years; one of these years has to have been spent in oak.

 

Zaragoza

Zaragoza is the capital of northeastern Spain’s Aragon region. Overlooking the Ebro River in the city center is baroque Nuestra Señora del Pilar basilica, a famous pilgrimage site with a shrine to the Virgin Mary and multiple domes.